Blog : What Goes into an Aviation Land Survey

What Goes into an Aviation Land Survey

An aviation land survey is a specialized type of survey conducted to assess and prepare land for aviation purposes, such as airport construction, expansion, or maintenance. These surveys ensure that the land meets safety and regulatory requirements for aviation operations. Here are the key components of an aviation land survey:

Aerial Survey:  Aerial photography or remote sensing is often used to capture a high-resolution view of the entire area. This helps in identifying existing features and conditions on the land.

Boundary Survey:  Accurately determining the boundaries of the land in question is critical to avoid encroachments and ensure proper land use. Boundary markers or monuments may be set to clearly define property lines.

Topographic Survey:  This survey involves measuring the elevation and contours of the land’s surface. It helps identify slopes, drainage patterns, and any existing structures that may impact aviation operations.

Geodetic Control:  Establishing accurate geodetic control points is crucial for ensuring that the survey data aligns with global or national coordinate systems. This allows for precise location referencing.

Land Ownership and Title Research:  Researching land ownership records and titles is essential to confirm property rights and access. It helps avoid potential legal issues.

Utility Survey:  Identifying and mapping existing utilities such as water, gas, electricity, and telecommunications infrastructure to prevent conflicts during construction and development.

Environmental Assessment:  Identifying environmentally sensitive areas, such as wetlands, wildlife habitats, and cultural heritage sites, and ensuring compliance with environmental regulations.

Obstruction Survey:  Identifying any potential obstructions in the airspace, such as buildings, trees, or other structures that could pose a hazard to aviation operations. This information is critical for obstacle clearance requirements.

Zoning and Land Use Regulations:  Reviewing local zoning and land use regulations to ensure that the proposed aviation development complies with applicable laws and regulations.

Legal Descriptions and Plats:  Preparing accurate legal descriptions and plats of the surveyed area, which are essential for property deeds and legal documentation.

Right-of-Way and Easement Assessment: Evaluating the need for, and impacts of, any required rights-of-way or easements for roads, utilities, or other access to the aviation facility.

Soil and Geotechnical Testing:  Assessing the soil properties to determine its load-bearing capacity and suitability for construction. This information is critical for runway and pavement design.

Wetland and Watercourse Delineation:  Identifying wetlands and watercourses to comply with environmental regulations, particularly the Clean Water Act in the United States.

Runway and Taxiway Design:  If the survey is related to airport development, it should provide information necessary for runway, taxiway, and apron design, including elevation data and soil characteristics.

Documentation and Reporting:  Providing comprehensive documentation and reports that summarize the findings, including maps, diagrams, and survey data, to support decision-making and regulatory compliance.

Aviation land surveys are highly specialized and require skilled professionals with expertise in land surveying, geospatial data collection, and aviation regulations to ensure safety and compliance with industry standards. These surveys are essential for safe and efficient aviation operations and infrastructure development.

About Stoner

Since 1988, Stoner has continually provided the highest level of quality service to each and every project.  Staying true to the company mission statement of Experience, Excellence, Service and Technology: These are the watchwords that we apply to each of our clients’ projects.  Today, the company services the greater South Florida area including Broward, Miami-Dade, Palm Beach, and Monroe Counties.  Allowing the team of professionals to deliver critical surveying services in a timely manner to both the private sector and the government.  For more information on Stoner, please call (954) 585-0997or visit



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4341 Southwest 62nd Avenue
Davie, Florida  33314
Phone: (954) 585-0997
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